6 Diseases Dogs Can Pass to Humans

1. Rabies

Rabies is a serious, fatal disease that is typically spread through bites from wild animals or vicious dogs. It may also be transmitted when a rabid animal licks or scratches an open wound on either humans or pets.Once the rabies virus reaches the brain, it usually leads to death. On average, it takes 30-50 days for this virus to make its way there (depending on where the bite occurred).People with rabies typically begin to show symptoms within a few weeks after being bitten. They may experience headaches, fever, malaise, hallucinations, paralysis and difficulty swallowing.

2. Ringworm

Ringworm is a common, itchy skin infection caused by an infectious fungus. It presents as a red, swollen and itching rash with the shape of a ring.Spread of this disease is easy when people or animals come into contact with each other, or by touching an object that has been touched by an infected individual or animal (e.g., comb or brush).Ringworm is most often observed in children, though it can affect people of all ages. Generally a mild infection that resolves within 2 to 4 weeks with antifungal medication taken orally.

3. Heartworm

Heartworm disease is a potentially lethal condition caused by Dirofilaria immitis (commonly known as heartworm). Dogs are the natural reservoir of this parasite. Adult worms will block the heart and the main blood vessels to the lungs, liver and kidneys, reduce the oxygen and blood flow to these important organs, and cause organ dysfunction.

4. Kennel Cough

Kennel cough is an infectious respiratory infection caused by a virus (Parainfluenza) and bacteria (Bordetella bronchiseptica). It's highly contagious, spread easily between dogs in close quarters such as at kennels or dog parks.There have been a few reported cases of human-to-human transmission, but these are rare and usually only observed among patients with compromised immune systems such as those suffering from HIV/AIDS, cancer or organ transplants.

5. Canine Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus (CPV), also known as canine distemper, is a serious illness that can prove fatal for unvaccinated dogs. It spreads easily through dogs' feces and vomit and can spread from one animal to another through contact with their bodily fluids.Infection in dogs typically presents with intense vomiting and diarrhea. Your pup won't be able to keep anything down, becoming weak, dehydrated and lethargic shortly after becoming infected.

6. Salmonella

Salmonella is a rod-shaped bacterium that exists in dogs. However, most cases of salmonellosis are mild and usually resolved within a few days or weeks. However, some people may develop severe infections and require antibiotic treatment.

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